Look-Ahead Value Ordering For Constraint Satisfaction ProblemsDaniel Frost (firstname.lastname@example.org) & Rina Dechter (email@example.com)
Looking ahead during search is often useful when solving constraint satisfaction problems. Previous studies have shown that looking ahead helps by causing dead-ends to occur earlier in the search, and by providing information that is useful for dynamic variable ordering. In this paper, we show that another benefit of looking ahead is a useful domain value ordering heuristic, which we call look-ahead value ordering or LVO. LVO counts the number of times each value of the current variable con icts with some value of a future variable, and the value with the lowest number of con icts is chosen first. Our experiments show that look-ahead value ordering can be of substantial benefit, especially on hard constraint satisfaction problems.