"""UnionFind.py
Union-find data structure. Based on Josiah Carlson's code,
http://aspn.activestate.com/ASPN/Cookbook/Python/Recipe/215912
with significant additional changes by D. Eppstein.
"""
class UnionFind:
"""Union-find data structure.
Each unionFind instance X maintains a family of disjoint sets of
hashable objects, supporting the following two methods:
- X[item] returns a name for the set containing the given item.
Each set is named by an arbitrarily-chosen one of its members; as
long as the set remains unchanged it will keep the same name. If
the item is not yet part of a set in X, a new singleton set is
created for it.
- X.union(item1, item2, ...) merges the sets containing each item
into a single larger set. If any item is not yet part of a set
in X, it is added to X as one of the members of the merged set.
"""
def __init__(self):
"""Create a new empty union-find structure."""
self.weights = {}
self.parents = {}
def __getitem__(self, object):
"""Find and return the name of the set containing the object."""
# check for previously unknown object
if object not in self.parents:
self.parents[object] = object
self.weights[object] = 1
return object
# find path of objects leading to the root
path = [object]
root = self.parents[object]
while root != path[-1]:
path.append(root)
root = self.parents[root]
# compress the path and return
for ancestor in path:
self.parents[ancestor] = root
return root
def __iter__(self):
"""Iterate through all items ever found or unioned by this structure."""
return iter(self.parents)
def union(self, *objects):
"""Find the sets containing the objects and merge them all."""
roots = [self[x] for x in objects]
heaviest = max([(self.weights[r],r) for r in roots])[1]
for r in roots:
if r != heaviest:
self.weights[heaviest] += self.weights[r]
self.parents[r] = heaviest