The Yaquis' Long, Deadly Struggle
1533 Yaquis gain a reputation as great warriors when they defeat a Spanish military expedition that tried to enslave them. Although thousands of Yaquis die in the battles, they drive the Spaniards from their homeland in the Yaqui River Valley in Sonora, Mexico.

1617 Jesuit missionaries visit Yaquis in Sonora, introducing them to the Miracle Plays and Catholic liturgy. Within two years, nearly 30,000 Yaquis are baptized.

1868 Mexican troops under Gen. Garcia Morales kill 450 Yaqui men and women by burning them in a church at Becum.
Late 1800's The Mexican government, under President Portirio Diaz, begins deporting thousands of Yaquis to Yucatan to work as slaves. Others are shot as they work in their fields.
Early 1880's Yaquis, fleeing persecution, possibly extermination, arrive in Arizona Territory. Thousands come between 1880 and 1915.

1906 Yaquis, for the first time since their arrival in Tucson, hold Lenten and Easter ceremonies.
1920 More than 2,000 Yaquis are estimated to be living in Tucson and Phoenix areas and westward to Yuma.
1926 For the first time, photographs of a Yaqui deer dancer in Tucson are seen by millions when they are sent to 1,600 U.S. newspapers.
1941-1945 Many Yaquis serve in military during World War II.
1952 Old Pascua village absorbed into city of Tucson.
1964 U.S. Congress gives Yaquis title to 202 acres of federal land southwest of Tucson, the first parcel of what will become the Pascua Yaqui Reservation.
1967 First family moves into New Pascua.
September 1975 Pascua-Yaqui Association asks Congress to make Yaquis an official American Indian tribe.
Sept. 16,1978 President Carter signs bill granting that status.
Dec. 29,1982 President Reagan approves giving a 570-acre parcel of federal land to the Pascua-Yaqui Reservation, expanding it to 998 acres.
January 1983 Yaqui Bingo hall, with a capacity of 1,300, opened on Pascua Yaqui Reservation. It will be a source of big profits and many problems.
October 1985 Tribal council approves an official Yaqui alphabet. Tribal leaders say the alphabet, the result of four years of work, will help students learn the language and preserve the Yaqui heritage.
Jan. 26, 1988 Tribal members adopt their constitution by a 247-162 vote.
June 4, 1988 Eleven council members are chosen for four-year terms as Yaquis hold first election under new constitution. Council picks Arcadio Gasteium as chairman.
Author: Bernie Orosco
Title: This Area Under Major Construction!
Last modified: 7/17/97


You can reach me at my e-mail: borosco@ics.uci.edu

Author: Bernie Orosco
Title: The Yaquis' Long, Deadly Struggle
Last modified: 7/17/97
You can reach me by e-mail at: My e-mail