Lecture Fourteen--ICS 131--Fall 00--9 Nov 2000
Review of Lecture 13--Telecommuting
What made it possible?
hardware, software, communication developments
Conflicting Pressures
Control by Organization
Space crunch
Commuting--time, expense, environment
Victor's interest in techniques for developing
a team when all members are not physically present
Another example of space crunch
Nieves, Evelyn. Mission district fights case of dot-com fever,
NY Times, 5 Nov 00, A21 (optional)


Lecture 14--Computers and Elections


Wayne, Leslie. E-mail part of the effort to turn out the voters,

NY Times, 6 Nov 00, C6 (R)
Mercuri, Rebecca. Voting Automation (Early and Often?),
Commun ACM, Nov 00, 176 (R)
California Internet Voting Task Force. A report on the feasibility of Internet voting, January 2000; www.ss.ca.gov/executive/ivote/home.htm (O)

Weinstein, L. Risks of Internet voting. Commun ACM, Jun 00, 6 (O)

Weber, Thomas E. Anchors, away! web offers data, minus TV's filler,

WSJ, 7 Nov 00, B1, B4 (O)

1. Redistricting

The seats in the House of Representatives are allocated to the states on the basis of the population determined by the decennial census. Each state then has the responsibility of establishing geographical districts, usually one district for every seat. The district decisions are often made by the legislature or by the legislature and the governor. The party in power tries to create districts which will maximize the number of seats the party can win. The geographical nature of districts is a fine art with a long history. The design extremes are known as gerrymandering after somebody named "gerry" who practiced the art.

In recent years, computer graphics has played a large part in the development of district design. Some of the recent designs have been rejected by the courts, but the effort continues.

2. Campaigns
A. Soliciting volunteers, funds

B. Responding to opponent claims

C. Deciding where to campaign

D. Getting the vote out

3. Election night
Trying to predict a winner.

Exit polls

Early returns

Signal precints, counties

Changes from previous elections

4. Voting
Paper ballots

Voting machines--electromechanical

Ballot scanners--the Orange County experience

Punch cards

Voting on terminals in polling places

On-line voting from home or polling places

Mail ballots

access for disabled, increase turn out

5. Do computers make a difference
A. Cut costs of campaigns?

B. Target ads, solicitations

C. Early predictions

D. Counting the vote

  • On-line voting preventing ballot mistakes, e.g.,
  • Voting for two presidential candidates

  • 6. Miscellany

    Could lottery systems be used for on-line voting?

    How are elections done on campus? students? faculty?



    Readings for Lecture 15

    Dreazen, Yochi J, and Kuntz, Phil.

    New OSHA proposal enrages businesses, WSJ, 8 Nov 00, A2, A6

    Cornell web site:  http://ergo.human.cornell.edu

    Dr Ergo web site



    Friday is a holiday

    Lecture 15 on Monday

    Victor's section in this room on Tuesday


    More on computers and health care

    Landro, Laura. Experimental web site gives parents a link to hospitalized babies, WSJ, 27 Oct 00, B1 (optional)


    ICS career night--14 Nov--saorsvp@ics.uci.edu

    5:30-8:00, dinner and dessert


    Fed sites fail on privacy, Commun ACM, Nov 00, 9

    "Most federal Web sites do not meet the commercial standards for Internet privacy set by the Federal Trade Commission, including the FTC's own site, a study by the General Accounting Office has found."