ICS Theory Group

ICS 269, Fall 2004: Theory Seminar

8 Oct 2004:
Dynamic Speed Scaling to Manage Energy
John Augustine

Energy consumed by a processor per unit time, P(s), varies with the speed s at which it is run in a convex manner. This has been exploited to reduce the energy consumption by slowing down the processor. The algorithms that are explained in this talk are based on the following model that captures this key aspect of energy minimization. Each job is to be executed between its arrival time and deadline by a single processor with variable speed. The processor running at speed s consumes energy per unit time P(s) = s p, p ≥ 2. We are asked to schedule the jobs so that the total energy is minimized. The offline version can be solved optimally in polynomial time [1]. I will provide the algorithm and proof. [1] also provides an online algorithm with a competitive ratio between p p and 2p-1 p p. In a recent improvement, Bansal et al. in [2] have provided an online algorithm that has a competitive ratio of p p. I will explain this algorithm and provide proof if time permits.

1. Frances Yao, Alan Demers, and Scott Shenker, "A Scheduling Model for Reduced CPU Energy," FOCS 1995
2. Nikhil Bansal, Tracy Kimbrel, and Kirk Pruhs, "Dynamic Speed Scaling to Manage Energy and Temperature," FOCS 2004